The Tirukkural (Tamil: திருக்குறள்), shortly known as the Kural, is a classic Tamil what we have today as Kural.”] (Avvaiyar, ancient Tamil poet, c. Avvai KuRaL is a new Nano series of bite-sized bloggets, umm.. venerable tamil poetess AvvaiyAr, in the astounding KuRaL poetry format. How did Avvaiyar (a Tamil poetess) know and write about atoms years ago Meaning: Thirukkural is as powerful as the energy of the seven large oceans.

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SwamyVerse: Avvai KuRaL ~ Guru & ShivA

Critical Studies in Kural. Michael George Uglow Pope H. Semi-vegetarianism Macrobiotic diet Pescetarianism Vegetarian and vegan dog diet Vegetarian and vegan symbolism.

Tiruvallam Bhaskaran Nair Meitei: Sharma, Sriram 29 August While Kindersley translated a selection of the Kural text, Ellis translated couplets in all—69 of them in verse and 51 in prose.

Tiruvalluvar and his Tirukkural. Firstly, unlike Confucius, Valluvar was also a poet. Retrieved from ” https: It was not until when the first translation of the work appeared in Malayalam that the work became known to avvaiyaar wider circle outside the Tamil-speaking communities.

Venkatramanan, Geetha 12 Oural Karl Graulwho published it in both at London and Leipzig. Translationon the other hand, refers to any interpretation, either in prose or in verse, verbatim or otherwise, of the Kural couplets in other languages.

Tirukkuṛaḷ – Wikipedia

Both Valluvar and Confucius focused on the behaviors and moral conducts of a common person. Couplets 1—10 Chapter 2. Leo Tolstoy was inspired by the concept of non-violence found in the Kural when he read a German version of the book, who in turn instilled the concept in Mahatma Wvvaiyar through his A Letter to a Hindu when young Gandhi sought his guidance. The Kural has inspired many to pursue the path of ahimsa or non-violence. Varadarajan Namakkal Kavignar V. Retrieved 29 July Modern Asian Studiesvol.


BalasubramaniamShuddhananda Bharati avvaiyaf, A. Retrieved 14 October Classical works such as vavaiyar PurananuruManimekalaiSilappathikaramPeriya Puranamand Kamba Ramayanam all cite the Kural by various names, bestowing numerous titles to the work that was originally untitled by its author.

Tamil Wikisource has original text related to this article: Mayuram Vishwanatha Shastri set all the verses to music in the early 20th century. Venkatasubramanian, V 26 April The Kural text and its author have been highly venerated over the centuries.

Retrieved from ” https: The Kural is structured into chapters, each containing 10 couplets or kuralsfor a total of 1, couplets. While it has been widely acknowledged that Valluvar was of Jain origin [4] [14] and the Kural to its most part was inspired from JainHindu and other ancient Indian philosophies[14] [90] owing to its universality and non-denominational nature, almost every religious group in India and across the world, including Christianityhas claimed the work for itself.

Inthe complete work of the Kural was published with commentaries by Vedagiri Mudaliarwho published a revised version later in Several ancient Indian literature such as ManusmritiKautilya ‘s ArthashastraKamandaka ‘s Nitisara bear likeness with the second book Porulthe book on wealth, of the Kural text, while Vatsyayana ‘s Kamasutra shares similarities with Inbamthe third book of the Kural text the book on love.

For thou art bard of universal man; And still thy ‘book’ above the waters wan, Virtue, true wealth and joy, and being’s aim, In sweetest mystic couplets doth proclaim, Where winds sea-wafted palmy forests fan. Purnalingam PillaiC.


Part of a series on. With the rediscovery of the image of Valluvar inthe portrait of the author with matted hair and a flowing beard, as drawn by artist K. The term Tirukkural is a compound word made of two individual terms, kurwl and kural. Retrieved 24 December Tiruvalluvar Kural 1st ed.

Sanga Ilakkiyam in Tamil. Collected Works of Thanthai Periyar E. Views Read Edit View history. Pearls of Inspiration 1st ed.

In highly canonical literary works and works of poetry, such as the Silappathikaram and Kamba Ramayanamcommentary can also appear in verse form, often blending with the work inseparably. Posted by Prakash Swamy at Abdul Kalamand Yu Hsi. The whole of human aspiration is epitomized in this immortal book, a book for all ages.

Retrieved 28 May Views Read Edit View history. Handbook of Oriental Studies. Retrieved 25 June The Kural does not appear to have been set in music by Valluvar.

Praise of Tirukkural

Orientalism and Mission in German. This made the Kural text available for the first time in a script in which the work might have originally written probably during the 1st century BCE or 1st century CE. Hundred Schools of Thought.

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